Gilanne M. Natividad
Outline the information and issues relevant to the decisions about the alternative placement for this individual.
- BG is a 7 years old girl, Maori, only child from a single mother.
- BG’s mother is 26 years old and employed as a kitchen hand for 6 months in a residential care home.
- Her mother has an accident while working when she slipped and break her ankle that causes her to be off on work for 12weeks (3 months) without pay because she is not yet qualified to apply for leave with pay.
- BG’s father has is deceased since she was 3 years old.
- BG is currently studying in one of the local schools and she attends a youth group every Wednesday night.
- BG and her mother live with their grandmother who works as a volunteer in the church.
What (if any) other information did you need to obtain?
- We need to find out if there are any nearby relatives that is living around BG’s school area that can take care of her while her mother is recovering from the accident.
- We also need to find out if her grandmother is given any allowance for volunteering in the church that can help her, her daughter and BG to provide their daily needs.
- Next is, I need to look for her father’s relatives around her school area and if they are willing to take care of BG while her mother is recovering.
Facilitation of decision making
Date Notes / key points of information provided to the parties involved or other observation.
5 February 2014 -Phone BG’s mother to set a family meeting with her and BG’s grandmother.
Phone the paternal grandmother and informed about the BG’s situation and invite them to attend the meeting with BG’s maternal family.
7 February 2014 -Facilitate meeting with the Whanau.
- The meeting was attended by BG’s mother, Maternal Grandmother, Paternal Grandmother and Aunt who is the sister of BG’s father.
Outline how decision making was facilitated in accordance with the service provider’s standard.
- Maintain confidentiality and privacy of the BG’s information and case. Only concerned persons will be allowed to see or view her history.
- Give consideration into the safety and wellbeing of BG.
- Facilitated meeting according to the standards of the service provider.
- Included in the meeting the customs and traditions of a Maori family such as Karakia and Pepeha.
- We should also look into the number of meetings done before coming to a final decision on whom and how BG will be taken care of for 12weeks.
- Both families are cooperative with each other.
- The paternal grandmother of BG is capable of taking care and supporting her for 12 weeks time while BG’s mother is recovering from her accident.
Other notes (reflect on the decision making process)
- We should also look on the financial capabilities of the person who is willing to take care of BG.
- We should also discuss the personal connection of both parties if they are willing to be work with each other, and if there are no underlying reason for conflict.
- We should also ask BG’s opinion or reaction with the different options or the final decision.
- We should also ensure at all times the safety and wellbeing of BG and the possible carer.
- We should also recognise the importance of obtaining sufficient information from both parties.
- We should also know the importance of following the service provider standards.
Assessment Task 2 Facilitate planning for the alternative care placement
Outline any further or additional information or issues related to the alternative placement for this individual.
- The place of BG’s paternal grandmother is just around the area of her school and also near the baptist church where she usually attends the youth group every Wednesday at 7pm.
- BG’s mother and maternal grandmother can visit her while she stays at her paternal grandmother.
- There are no specific dietary needs for BG.
- Since BG is Maori child, her paternal grandmother who is also Maori can tech and guide her throughout her stay. She can practice Te Reo Maori at home and/or at school. And she can also practice her culture at her grandmother’s place.
- We should also consider BG’s age and stage of development since she is just 7years old and see to it that she is meeting her required nutritional, physical, emotional needs.
How did you plan the placement in line with the decisions of the parties involved and any other key people?
- First, we contacted both parties to set a series of Whanau Hui to discuss and share relevant information, issues and needs of BG for her safety and wellbeing.
- These issues and needs are the different resources available, short term effects of being separated with her mother, any legislation or statutes, the legal responsibility of the youth social worker and if there are any social services involved.
- We should also clarify the different roles and functions of all involved.
How did you plan the placement in line with ethical practice?
- We should base the plan of care with the policies of the service provider.
- We discussed the Human and Guardianship rights with the parties involved.
- The main goal is to provide safety and wellbeing of BG.
- Secured consents or signed agreements on the guardianship of BG while her mother is still recuperating.
How did you make sure that everything you did was focused on the current and future safety of the person who needed the alternative care placement?
- I ensure that everything I did is focused on the current and future safety of BG by considering the following:
- Her cultural needs being Maori
- Her gender and sexuality
- Any separation issues with her mother and grandmother
- Her health needs as a developing 7 year old child.
- Ensure her safety and privacy amongst the other youth group mates
- Providing her spiritual needs as a Christian
- Ensuring her physical comfort
- Providing and meeting her basic needs
Facilitation of Planning
Date Notes / key points of information provided or other observations
29 January 2014 – BG’s mother came to the facility to seek for help because of her condition.
- The youth social worker established all information and issues vital to effective planning for an alternative care placement.
- The youth social worker arranged and phone called everyone who is going to be involved in planning for BG’s situation.
30 January 2014 – the youth social worker gathered information and advice on potential placements
- Birth family information of BG
- Information on potential guardian based on BG’s case.
- Any cultural or gender issues
- And any resources available to support potential placement situations
Outline how planning was facilitated in accordance with the service provider’s standards. Give examples
- First is to secure consent from BG’s mother since BG is a minor, and that she is asking for assistance for her daughter’s welfare.
- Securing the vital information about BG’s situation and acquiring possible carer and maintaining the confidentiality of all gathered data. We can do this by keeping her files/information in a locked drawer that only involved youth workers can see BG’s profile.
- Asking and getting the opinion of both parties on contributing to the decision making in BG’s situation. The youth social worker together with relevant parties needs to determine the best alternative care placement for BG, with the safety and wellbeing of the client as the first consideration. We can do this by giving both parties a chance to speak or to share their opinions without butting in.
- We should also consider and apply ethical practice to decisions about alternative care placement. For example would it be unethical if you question about private matters that is not related to the current situation of BG.
Other notes (reflect on the planning process)
- The service provider standards should be followed, and that it is the responsibility of the youth social worker to be familiar with these standards and ensure that they abide them.
- There are maybe other key people that needs to be involved such as other specialist adviser that can be consulted during the decision making and planning process. For example a child psychologist that can assess BG if she is going or having any separation anxiety with her mother.
- We should also consider the resources and timeframes to achieve the safety and wellbeing of BG. This resources may include financial, medical care, school needs etc.
- We should also have contingency planning just in case the care placement is no longer able to go ahead. For example BG’s paternal grandmother will have an emergency out of town; an alternative guardian would be needed.
- We should also have an evaluating progress to see if the plan needs to be re-evaluated or if the plan are met in line of BG’s needs.
Assessment Task 3 Facilitate implementation of the alternative care placements
How did you encourage self-determination of the person who is the subject of the alternative care placement?
I encourage self-determination by encouraging all parties to the plan to fulfil their identified roles, and to take ownership of these roles. I encourage BG to be self-determined by explaining to her the main reason why she will be put into the alternative care placement which is her paternal grandmother. I explained the time frame that she will be away from her mother. I told her that this is just temporary and that she can continue to attend school and be with her friends and classmates. By doing this, BG will be safe and taken care of by her paternal grandmother.
How did you discourage dependency on you as the social worker and the social service provider?
I discouraged dependency of BG to me and the youth social worker in-charge with her case by letting her know what is going on and how she can help herself and her mother. It is also by ensuring her that she is safe with her paternal grandmother. She is also allowed to visit her mother during Saturdays considering that she is accompanied by her guardian. It will also helpful for BG to have a calendar or a time table so that she will know how many days are left before she can return to her mother. Having a timeline when would the youth social worker will step aside, so that the family could step up.
How did you assist key people in the implementation of the plan to identify progress?
I assisted the key people in the implementation of the plan to identify progress by looking throughout the course of the alternative care plan, progress against plan objectives that needs to be determined and should be documented. I also monitor the progress of BG in terms of safety and wellbeing while she is in her paternal grandmother, her school attendance and performance.
How did you assist parties to the plan to review the plan? What if any further options were identified? If the plan was amended, how was it amended?
- I assist the parties in reviewing the plan by setting the next meeting– to review progress against objectives.
- There is no amendment done.
Implementation of the alternative care placement plan
Date Notes/ key points of information provided or other observations
3 February 2014 – regular meetings to review progress were held between ROBC, BG, whanau and youth social worker
- Paternal grandmother taking full responsibility in taking care of BG while her mother is recovering from the accident. She ensures that BG is getting what a 7year old child needs by providing physical, emotional and spiritual support.
Outline how the implementation was in accordance with the service provider’s standards
- Cultural practices were followed like having Karakia/ blessing was arranged for BG when she arrived at her paternal grandmother’s home.
- The checking in processes was completed fully; including areas such as health and safety were explained to BG.
Other notes (reflect on the implementation process)
- We encouraged BG to participate and ask questions while undergoing the alternative care placement for her and she positively responded to our request by showing that she wants to be close with her paternal grandmother.
- We encouraged BG to be active in the interacting with her grandmother and aunt so that she can develop trust and rapport with them.
Assessment Task 4 Facilitate closure of involvement in the plan
How did you know you had completed your required tasks or involvement in the plan?
- The youth social worker reviewed the itemised task on the care plan, updates the plan to confirm that they were completed.
- BG was transferred from her mother’s care to her paternal grandmother.
- BG is continuously being observed in regards with her safety and wellbeing.
What possible future involvement might be required from the social service provider in this case? Think about the factors that may lead to further contact being needed, what functions or services as social worker or social service provider might offer the person in the future, and how the person could go about re-establishing contact with the social service provider.
- BG’s paternal grandmother will suddenly be ill and cannot take care of her will cause the future involvement of the social service provider again to re-assess BG’s situation.
- BG’s mother will not recover in the said time frame which is 12 weeks or 3 months, that may lead BG to stay a little longer away from her mother.
- Financial capability of BG’s paternal grandmother if she will stay longer with her.
- Counselling for BG if her mother will not recover after 3 months.
Closure of involvement in the alternative care placement plan
Date Notes / key points of information received/ provided or other observations made
12 February 2014 – Discussions were held with BG and whanau about objectives that have been achieved, and the ownership of objectives moving forward.
- Social service support available as required.
- BG continuous her study at her local school
Outline how the closure was in accordance with service provider’s standards
- First is that the youth social worker will assess BG for readiness to discharge.
- Review the care plan for BG if all objectives were met.
- Ensure that the whanau and the social service provider agree with the objectives stated in the care plan for BG.
- Assess the whanau for readiness to be separated from the social service provider.
- Confirm with the whanau if there are any questions or concerns that is needed to be brought up.
- Provide a discharge plan for BG that the whanau can follow once discharged from the service provider.
- Give the contact details of the youth social worker to the whanau in case any problem will arise during the course of BG’s stay.
Outline how you made sure information was kept confidential
- Information was kept confidential by not saying or noting the full name of the client, and the client’s whanau.
- Facilitating the whanau hui in a private room where the family is comfortable to discuss personal matters.
- Ensuring that the client’s file is placed in a locked drawer where only involved youth social workers can have the access.
- By not discussing client’s data to other social worker who are not involved in the case.
- By not discussing the case outside the work premises with other involved social workers.
Provide two examples of how your actions were in accordance with relevant legislation. Name the legislation in the examples
- Privacy act of the Baptist Church – maintaining the privacy and confidentiality of the client and whanau by keeping the documents secured in the facility and by not discussing the case with other people who I not involved with the case.
- Children, Young Persons and their Family Act 1989 – the welfare and interests of the child or young person shall be the first and paramount consideration. Safety and wellbeing of the client will be the first consideration in doing the objectives for alternative care placement.
Other notes (reflect on the closure process)
- The family of BG and her paternal side is updated whenever there are any changes arise in regards with BG case.
- Regularly communicate with the whanau to be updated on how BG is going.
- The provider policy is followed by the whanau and the youth social worker.
- Updated and checked the case file of BG.
Assessment Task 5 Implementation of Te Tiriti o Waitangi
The Te Tiriti o Waitangi is the agreement between the Maori and The Crown which was signed on 6 February 1840 at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands. It has two texts for Te Tiriti, one in Maori and one in English. The English text is not a direct translation of the Maori text. The existence of two versions that don’t directly translate has caused problems in Aotearoa/NZ as both cede and guaranteed different powers and functions for each party in each of the two versions. The Te Tirirti has 4 principles:
Partnership – partnership between two sides which is The Maori and The Crown that needs to be carried out in good faith on both sides.
Protection – protection of Maori Rangatiratanga, their property and their rights. These can be translated as having their Maoridom.
Participation – letting the Maori to participate in the society as equal citizens by having the same rights afforded to them as British citizens. Consulting the Maori’s on important matters that impact their way of life and wellbeing.
Permission – it is allowing the Maori to follow their culture, their customs and traditions, their spiritual practices and use of their language which is Te Reo Maori.
Examples of the Principles
Partnership – we can apply partnership in social services by ensuring that it has bi-cultural perspective and the social service provider recognise Te Tiriti. It can also be done by acknowledging the Taonga of the Maori and by having Maori representatives in social services.
Protection – Maori have the protected right to make choices or having self management that best serve their culture, their people that’s in line with their tika and kawa, their customs and traditions.
Participation/Permission – social services must be accessible to Maori and use of Maori Models of Health when working with them. Allowing them to speak Te Reo Maori and letting them to participate in any spiritual or cultural practices if they wish to do so. Providing and making available brochures and information leaflets in Te Reo for Maori clients in the facility.
Assessment Task 6 Application of Social Service Theory
Theory – Te Tiriti o Waitangi
- The theory guided me throughout the process of contributing to the facilitation of alternative care placement by applying the four (4) principles of The Treaty of Waitangi and by providing equality and protecting their Maoridom.
- The four principles of the Te Tiriti o Waitangi which are Partnership, Protection, Participation and Permission served as a guide on how to work and interact with Maori.
Example of activities
- Being respectful for all Maori relationships by acknowledging their culture and identity and by being non-biased, non-judgmental to them.
- Allowing and participating with the Maori client to perform Karakia before and after the whanau hui.
- Performing the Pepeha in order to be familiar and to establish rapport with those who are involved in the whanau hui.